Dutch Higher Educations employment rate analysis: Universities vs. Hogeschools | HT workplace database
People often ask:
Is the major I’m studying easy for finding a job in the future?
What are the job opportunities for graduates of
Universities of Applied Sciences (Hogeschools) and Reserch Universities?
How do different universities and fields of expertise influence employment in the Netherlands?
Research Universities and University of Applied Sciences (Hogeschools)
If you’ve learned about the higher education system in the Netherlands, you probably know that there are two types of universities: Research University & University of Applied Sciences.
Research University (Dutch: Universiteit) provides research-oriented higher education (shortened as “WO” in Dutch, literally translated as science education), focusing on cultivating students' ability to operate research-based projects independently in both academic and professional environments. It is also referred to as U-type University in short.
University of Applied Sciences (Dutch: Hogeschool) provides higher vocational education (HBO in Dutch), focusing on cultivating students' practical ability with internship as an integral part of the entire teaching plan. Students can obtain practical work experiences through internships and get ready for a certain field in the future. It is referred to as the H-type university, or school of specialized higher education.
The educational system of U-type and H-type universities also differ:
|U-type university||H-type university|
|Major||Mainly comprising general universities as well as three technical universities – Delft, Eindhoven University of Technology, University of Twente||7 fields: economics, healthcare, agriculture, educational training, social work, art, and engineering|
|Educational Degree||Bachelor’s, master’s, and PhD degrees||Bachelor’s and master’s degrees|
|Academic Year||3 year undergraduate program, 1-3 year graduate school program||4 year undergraduate program|
Since these two types of universities are different in all aspects, and international students choose different universities to go to, the graduate employment rate of each university has become a concern for everyone.
We have collected the rankings of graduate employment rates for U-type and H-type universities for our readers:
(Graduate employment rate ranking of U-type universities by 2017 Times Higher Education)
(Graduate employment rate ranking of H-type universities by Keuzegids—Higher Education Information Centre)
According to Nuffic's statistics, half of the Chinese students (undergraduates and graduate students) choose to take undergraduate courses at H-type universities and 65% of them study economics.
We’ll summarize the employment situation of these two types of universities according to our authoritative data from HoiTalent
42.2% of those who have found jobs graduate from H-type universities
yet 57.8% of graduates are from U-type universities
Different majors and employment of universities in The Netherlands
So we’ve learned about the employment rates for graduates from each type of university.What about the impact of different majors on the employment rate?
Let’s first take a look at the popular majors. According to our research, the popular majors of undergrad and graduate schools of both types of universities do have some differences.
For postgraduates, the most popular major among U-type universities is Engineering, with 5,308 international students currently on the program. Among H-type universities, 1,645 international students choose to study majors of Arts & Culture, which is more popular.
(The distribution of majors of master’s degree among international students in Dutch universities)
Well, things are quite different among the bachelors: currently there are 12,962 students studying Economics & Business at H-type universities, which says how popular it is; but in U-type universities, majors of Economics & Business and Social Sciences have basically the same number.
(The distribution of majors of bachelor’s degree among international students in Dutch universities)
It’s not hard to tell from the above diagram that Economics & Business is a popular topic in every university. After a thorough analyses of the data in the Economics & Business field, we found that:
Most of the students graduate from H-type universities study majors like Finance、International Business and will take jobs in Finance and Marketing fields as well, and the latter being more of data analyzing jobs as they have lower requirements on language.
For those U-type university graduates who have found jobs, they mostly studied Business Management, Finance， Supply Chain Management, Marketing, etc.
This means that, U-type university graduates have higher chances of find jobs than H-type university graduates. And their popular majors like Finance, Supply Chain, Marketing and Engineering have a wider range of job seeking opportunities
Start your own business in The Netherlands after graduation
Apart from finding a dream job after graduation, more and more people choose to start their own business in The Netherland. So how are the environment and opportunities for international students to start their business in The Netherlands?
See the following data prepared by us:
Latest CBS survey shows that 16% percent of the international students in The Netherlands start their own business in 7 years after they graduate from Dutch universities among which the majority are from Germany and China
But for students from the Netherlands, the chances to start their business are relatively small.
We believe that everyone will ask such the same question: how about the educational background of these entrepreneurs?
Let me translate the digital language:
Among those who start their own business after graduation, 14% studied Health Care, higher than Language & Culture and Education. Only 24% of those graduated from Agriculture and Natural Environment majors chose to stay in the Netherlands to start their business, but international students graduated from Education（75%）, Health Care（54%）and Technology（49%）stayed in the Netherlands for their startups.
So you’ve already read so much about the employment data of different universities and majors,
it's easy to figure out that
U-type universities have slightly higher chances of employment rate than H-type universities
But seeing from the perspective of different majors
Business and Engineering are still the most popular ones for employment
If you choose to start your own business after graduation,
based on the current political and economic environment,
there’s not much limit in terms of university or major.employment rate